The Crossing of Greenland 1912-1913

greenland_crossingPhotographs from the 1912-1913 scientific expedition across Greenland.

The 1912-1913 Danish Expedition to “the Land of Queen Louise and Across the Glacier of Greenland,” as it was formally called, was made to examine a large, ice-free area inland on the glacier, map the area and research its flora and fauna, in addition to carrying out various glaciological and meteorological measurements on the dome of the glacier.

The expedition is recognized as having laid the foundation for glaciological research in the northern hemisphere. Among the participants was Vigfús Sigurðsson, post-man and carpenter from Iceland.

He and his companions survived a glacier burst when they were transporting 20 tons of equipment and supplies up onto the ice sheet. The expedition leader, Captain Peter Koch, fell into a crevasse and broke his leg. Part of the 1200 km journey over the Greenland ice sheet was at an altitude of 3000 m and the men suffered from snow blindness and sunburn.

The four members of the expedition almost starved to death but were rescued a few kilometers away from the village Prøven on the west coast of Greenland.

Vigfús was given almost 100 photographs on glass plates at the end of the journey. In the winter of 1914 he travelled all over Iceland, usually by foot, held talks and showed slides from the crossing of Greenland. The photographs on display at the museum are from his collection.

On display until January 13.

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