Surtsey Island was formed in an eruption below sea-level. The Surtsey eruption is among the longest eruptions to have occurred in Iceland in historical times.
The eruption in Holuhraun, in northern Vatnajökull, is one month old today. The eruption is one of the biggest in Icelandic history in terms of the quantity of lava.
The lava is now over 44 square kilometers (17 square miles). It grows by almost two square kilometers per day.
Stefan Erdman describes waking up in Möðrudalur and realizing that there is an eruption taking place.
An earthquake of magnitude 5.0 shook the northern rim of Bárðarbunga at 2 AM this morning. A total of 17 quakes have registered this morning, most in the northern part of the Bárðarbunga crater.
On October 26, 1961, the Askja volcano suddenly started erupting. Even though the volcano had brought misery to the nation a hundred years earlier, not many were afraid this time. Now more than half a century later the public sees the photos taken on the journey by a father and son, Reynir and...
We have been discussing the beauty of two natural phenomena at the same time, northern lights and the glowing lava shooting out of a crater. Photographer James Appleton managed to capture a series of beautiful photographs that show both Aurora Borealis and an eruption in the same frame.
The new lava at the Holuhraun eruption site has in several places crawled over the only road to the site, road F910.
Pollution from the eruption will drift to East and Southeast Iceland today, from Fáskrúðsfjörður in the north to the southeastern corner of Vatnajökull and the town of Höfn in the south.
Ten earthquakes were automatically detected in Bárðarbunga and another ten in the dike beneath northern Dyngjujökull glacier between midnight and 6:48 am this morning. This is a similar rate to what was observed yesterday morning.
According to volcanologist Haraldur Sigurðsson, Bárðarbunga volcano is now sitting right on top of the earth’s hot spot.
The volume of the lava from the Holuhraun eruption is one of the greatest in recent history. It could contain over 150 Empire State Buildings, 100 Eiffel Towers or over 200 Khufu Pyramids. The volcano has even produced enough lava to build the Great Wall of China 1.5 times over.
The lava flows erupted since the beginning of the Holuhraun eruption cover around 37 square km and comprise a total volume of 0.4-0.6 cubic kilometers.
The sulfur dioxide (SO2) emitted from the Holuhraun eruption has reached up to 60,000 tons per day and averaged close to 20,000 tons since it began. For comparison, all the SO2 pollution in Europe, from industries, energy production, traffic and house heating, etc., amounts to 14,000 tons per...
An earthquake of magnitude 4.9 shook the crater in Bárðarbunga just after 10.30 pm on Wednesday night.
We are lucky that Holuhraun is about as far from all towns in Iceland as possible. But what if the eruption was in Reykjavík? How much damage would the eruption have done?
The sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution from the Holuhraun eruption has spread to Germany, Spiegel Online reports. With wind blowing from the northwest, the pollution is being felt further to the east than previously.
The Icelandic Met Office’s forecast for today indicates that the sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution the Holuhraun eruption will spread to a large area of North and Northeast Iceland, including the towns of Akureyri and Húsavík (click here for a map of the affected area).
The Icelandic Met Office has now issued a new feature to its website, showing the most recent earthquakes at Bárðarbunga on maps that are updated more or less continuously.
Three earthquakes above magnitude 3.0 have been measured around Bárðarbunga volcano under Vatnajökull glacier since midnight, the strongest of which was of magnitude 5.2. Pollution from the Holuhraun eruption site will likely be carried across Egilsstaðir and the East Fjords today.
A tremendous eruption started on March 29, 1875 in Askja, in Northeast Iceland, north of Vatnajökull gacier and south of Heiðubreið mountain. The volcanic ash was heavy enough to poison the land and kill livestock, especially in the East Fjords of Iceland.
The lava from the Holuhraun eruption flows at the same rate as yesterday, mostly around the center of the lava field, which is now around 37 square km (14.3 square miles).
Professor of geophysics Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson said that as long as the Bárðarbunga caldera is not sinking faster and the eruption in Holuhraun remains stable, the probability of a sub-glacial eruption decreases. However, volcanologist Ármann Höskuldsson remains certain that the current...