Today marks 100 days since the ongoing volcanic eruption in the Icelandic highlands began.
A meeting yesterday between scientists from the Icelandic Met Office and the Institute of Earth Sciences at the University of Iceland, along with representatives from the Icelandic Civil Protection, the Environmental Agency of Iceland and the Directorate of Health concluded that there have been insignificant changes at the eruption site in recent weeks, but that seismic activity remains strong.
Scientists currently believe the eruption will probably continue until the subsistence at Bárðarbunga ceases—meaning the eruption could continue for several more months.
So far the eruption has caused the biggest lava flow for centuries and the dispersal of poisonous gas on the wind around Iceland. However, there has been no ash and no disruption to flights. The gas pollution today (Tuesday) is to the north and northeast of the volcano.
Though most likely, there are also other possible scenarios: “The volcanic fissure may lengthen southwards under Dyngjujökull, resulting in a jokulhlaup (glacial flood) and an ash-producing eruption,” a statement from the scientists says. “It is also possible that eruptive fissures could develop in another location under the glacier. If such an eruption would be prolonged it could eventually produce a lava flow.”
A volcanic eruption in the Bárðarbunga caldera is also still a possibility. “Such an eruption would melt large quantities of ice, leading to a major jokulhlaup, accompanied by ash fall. Other scenarios cannot be excluded.”