Iceland loses more topsoil per year than any other country in the world, according to ecologist Jóhann Þórisson at the Soil Conservation Service of Iceland.
The loss of soil leads to declining crops which require more fertilizer and growing costs. The soil which is lost is also the most fertile which means that the best agricultural land is deteriorating over time, Jóhann told RÚV.
“Ecosystem degradation is by far the largest environmental problem in Iceland. Vast areas have been desertified after over-exploitation, the speed of erosion magnified by volcanic activity and harsh weather conditions,” as stated on the website of the Soil Conservation Service of Iceland.
Today is the United Nations International Mother Earth Day and 2015 is the International Year of Soils.