Electricity use per capita is the highest in the world in Iceland and has increased in recent years due to heavy industry, according to RÚV. A new forecast for energy use through 2050 has been published, which predicts that the use of priority energy will increase by 100 percent by 2050.
Twenty-five years ago, heavy industry used about half of the country’s electricity, but in 2014, that share was 21 percent and will be 31 percent by 2050, based on current agreements. General household electricity use other than heating reached a peak in 2009, when it was 4.9 MW per household. That usage had gone down to 4.5MW per household in 2014, thanks, mainly, to energy saving light bulbs. Household appliances also use less energy than they used to. Electricity use per household is expected to reach 4 MW and to level at that.
The use of electricity in agriculture is expected to decrease when rules about lighting in greenhouses go into effect. In industry other than heavy one, fish meal factories are heavy electricity users.
It is predicted that electricity will increasingly be used in transport, and that most new vehicles will be powered by electricity in one way or another.