We are lucky that Holuhraun is about as far from all towns in Iceland as possible. But what if the eruption was in Reykjavík? How much damage would the eruption have done?
The sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution from the Holuhraun eruption has spread to Germany, Spiegel Online reports. With wind blowing from the northwest, the pollution is being felt further to the east than previously.
The Icelandic Met Office’s forecast for today indicates that the sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution the Holuhraun eruption will spread to a large area of North and Northeast Iceland, including the towns of Akureyri and Húsavík (click here for a map of the affected area).
The Icelandic Met Office has now issued a new feature to its website, showing the most recent earthquakes at Bárðarbunga on maps that are updated more or less continuously.
Three earthquakes above magnitude 3.0 have been measured around Bárðarbunga volcano under Vatnajökull glacier since midnight, the strongest of which was of magnitude 5.2. Pollution from the Holuhraun eruption site will likely be carried across Egilsstaðir and the East Fjords today.
A tremendous eruption started on March 29, 1875 in Askja, in Northeast Iceland, north of Vatnajökull gacier and south of Heiðubreið mountain. The volcanic ash was heavy enough to poison the land and kill livestock, especially in the East Fjords of Iceland.
The lava from the Holuhraun eruption flows at the same rate as yesterday, mostly around the center of the lava field, which is now around 37 square km (14.3 square miles).
Professor of geophysics Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson said that as long as the Bárðarbunga caldera is not sinking faster and the eruption in Holuhraun remains stable, the probability of a sub-glacial eruption decreases. However, volcanologist Ármann Höskuldsson remains certain that the current...
Today, pollution from the eruption in Holuhraun is mostly expected to drift to the northeast of the eruption site, although it may temporarily move towards the east, according to the Icelandic Met Office’s forecast. On Saturday, the pollution reached Reykjavík.
Seismic activity has been persistent at Bárðarbunga volcano and around the eruption site in Holuhraun, but at comparably low levels during the last hours. A 5.5 magnitude earthquake hit the Bárðarbunga caldera at noon yesterday.
The Civil Protection Department in Iceland stresses that not respecting that the eruption site around Holuhraun is closed to the public may be life-threatening. Birds that died of poisoning have been found at the eruption site.
This space image shows the fissure in Holuhraun clearly and an interesting glow-in-the-dark effect of the lava through the clouds and plume.
The volcanic eruption in Holuhraun continues at a similar rate and the subsidence of the Bárðarbunga caldera continues. On Saturday residents in Reykjavík noticed a smell of sulfur and there was a haze over the mountains in the east.
One night in January 1973 it looked as if the 5,000 people living in the Westman Islands were doomed when the dormant volcanic giant woke up and an eruption started a few hundred meters from town. Our series on the great Icelandic volcanoes continues.
The dailymail.co.uk featured some images taken 15 meters (49 feet) from the Holuhraun eruption by cameraman Valdimar Leifsson yesterday. Images of the volcano’s glow in the sky seen from Jökulsárlón glacial lagoon, taken by geologist Örn Óskarsson, were also featured.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas is expected to pollute the air in North Iceland from Strandir to Eyjafjörður, the north-central highlands and East Iceland from Egilsstaðir to Höfn. While the eruption in Holuhraun continues, fewer and smaller earthquakes were recorded by Bárðarbunga.
The paradox of an eruption is that it can be beautiful and destructive at the same time. The most famous volcano in Iceland, historically speaking, is probably Hekla.
Volcanologist Ármann Höskuldsson estimates that 200-250 million cubic meters (7.1-8.8 billion cubic feet) of lava have been emitted by the Holuhraun eruption. For comparison, according to the National Registry, the combined space of all buildings in Iceland is 148 million cubic meters.
Farmers in East and Northeast Iceland, the regions that have suffered the most sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution from the Holuhraun eruption, are concerned about the wellbeing of their free-roaming sheep.
Seismic activity continued in the area around Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier yesterday evening and through the night. The largest earthquake was of magnitude 4.5. The subsidence in the Bárðarbunga caldera is now 25 meters (82 feet) and is slowing down.
The Icelandic Met Office has started publishing maps on their website with forecasts of the spread of the pollution caused by toxic sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas coming from the Holuhraun eruption, on a daily basis.