Three earthquakes of magnitude 4.5 or larger have hit the area around Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier in the last 24 hours. In the past days, earthquakes around magnitude 5.0 have occurred in the area at an interval of approximately 30 hours.
The lava which has flowed from the craters in Holuhraun now covers 60 square km (23 square miles). The eruption is ongoing, although the volcanic activity has decreased somewhat. Scientists are examining data more closely and re-estimating the situation.
Residents in Ísafjörður and elsewhere in the West Fjords received a text message from the Civil Protection Department at around 11 pm yesterday evening, warning them that high pollution levels because of the Holuhraun eruption were present in the area and advising them to stay inside.
A subsidence of approximately 15 cm (5 in) occurred in the caldera of Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier following a magnitude 5.4 earthquake hitting the northern caldera at 11:15 am yesterday, as indicated by the Icelandic Met Office’s GPS monitor in the caldera.
An increased number of earthquakes have been detected in and around Bárðarbunga volcano under Vatnajökull glacier in the past days. In the last 24 hours, almost 130 earthquakes have been detected at Bárðabunga.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas pollution from the eruption in Holuhraun north of Vatnajökull glacier in the northeastern highlands is expected in most parts of the country today, but East Iceland will probably be pollution free in the afternoon.
High levels of sulfur dioxide (SO2) from the eruption in Holuhraun were detected at the air quality monitoring station in Grafarvogur at 2 pm. Levels were up to 500 mµ/m3, as stated in a press release from Reykjavík City Council.
Volcanologist Haraldur Sigurðsson wrote on his blog on Saturday that judging by the development of the caldera subsidence in Bárðarbunga volcano, which lies under Vatnajökull glacier, the eruption in Holuhraun, which is fed with magma from Bárðarbunga, will end on March 4, 2015.
The Iceland Review team left for the eruption early this morning with Páll Stefánsson, Iceland Review editor and photographer, leading a group of four: journalist Zoë Robert and photographers Elisabetta Rosso from Italy and Louis Emile Robert from Australia.
Pollution from the eruption in Holuhraun is expected in South and Southwest Iceland again today. According to the Environment Agency of Iceland’s pollution monitoring stations, the air quality on Grensásvegur in Reykjavík and on Hvaleyrarholti in Hafnarfjörður is poor due to sulfur dioxide (SO2).
Seismic activity at Bárðarbunga over the past 24 hours has been similar to before. Six earthquakes above magnitude 4.0 have been recorded during the past 24 hours.
Iceland Review is planning another trip to the Holuhraun eruption site in the coming days. Photographer Elisabetta Rosso from Italy, who recently published the video ‘Let’s Fly on Iceland,’ which was shot using a drone, will be joining the expedition.
Pollution from the eruption in Holuhraun could be seen in the capital area yesterday and this morning. The sunrise this morning was blood red and the gas plume could be seen clearly.
Seismic activity at Bárðarbunga is similar as before, as stated on the website of the Icelandic Met Office.
Goga Ashkenazi, a tycoon from Kazakhstan, and her entourage put themselves in grave danger when they landed via helicopter near the Holuhraun eruption site without permission, according to Víðir Reynisson, divisional manager at the National Commissioner of the Icelandic Police’s Department of Civil...
Pollution from the eruption is expected southwest of the volcano today and tomorrow, including in the greater Reykjavík area.
Around ten earthquakes occurred in and around Bárðarbunga volcano between midnight and 7:30 this morning. The largest quake measured magnitude 3.9 and occurred shortly after 3:30 am, as reported on the website of the Icelandic Met Office.
More than 400 people, scientists and others, have been recruited to work on projects related to the volcanic eruption in Holuhraun since August 16. They have cost the Icelandic state more than ISK 100 million (USD 829,000, EUR 656,000).