Krafla in Northeast Iceland is one of Iceland’s most spectacular and active volcanoes. For nearly a decade the Krafla caldera and Krafla fissure swarm erupted on and off in the period 1975-84. The events were a striking repetition of what happened during the Mývatn fires in the 1720s.
The volume of magma which has surfaced in the volcanic eruption in Holuhraun is five to six times greater than what surfaced during the eruption in Eyjafjallajökull in 2010 and four times greater than in the 2011 Grímsvötn eruption. In both eruptions, primarily ash was emitted.
The eruption in Holuhraun is still active, but the Icelandic Met Office says the underground magma flow seems to be minimal. In the past 24 hours around 100 earthquakes have shaken Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier.
The energy of the geothermal areas in Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull now measures several hundred megawatts and the melting of glacial ice is estimated at approximately 2 cubic meters per second.
Daniel Haußmann has made a video showing the ongoing eruption in Holuhraun. Shot from the ground and from a helicopter, the video gives an impression of the forces of nature in the volcano.
In the past 24 hours the seismicity activity recorded in and around Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier was slightly more intense than the 24 hours prior. More than 100 earthquakes were detected in the period, all below magnitude 5.0.
The concentration of sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas from the eruption in Holuhraun exceeded 5,000 mµ/m3 in Sauðárkrókur, Northwest Iceland, this morning. The Civil Protection Department advised inhabitants to stay inside, close the windows and turn up the heating.
Seismicity continues in Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier. A magnitude 4.4 earthquake hit shortly before 2:30 last night and the strongest earthquake recorded there yesterday was magnitude 5.1. Geothermal heat continues to increase in Bárðarbunga.
Pollution detectors show that air quality was good in South Iceland during the night with sulfur dioxide (SO2) levels not exceeding 5 mµ/m3. Today, the Icelandic Met Office expects light variable winds with gas pollution remaining mostly around the eruption site in Holuhraun.
Here we present for the first time Elisabetta Rosso’s video Roundtrip to Hell, produced in cooperation with Iceland Review, about our latest trip to the Holuhraun eruption site.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution from the eruption in Holuhraun was carried across popular tourist destination Jökulsárlón glacial lagoon in South Iceland yesterday where levels reached 3,000 mµ/m3. Tourists have raised concern and not known how to respond.
Tomorrow night, Tuesday October 28, at 19:30 the video Roundtrip to Hell, documenting our latest trip to Holuhraun, by Italian photographer Elisabetta Rosso made in cooperation with Iceland Review will be shown on icelandreview.com for the very first time.
The volcanic eruption in Holuhraun continues with similar intensity to recent weeks. There were over 200 earthquakes in the Bárðarbunga caldera over the weekend, 44 of which were larger than magnitude 3.0. The largest were magnitude 5.3.
The Civil Protection Department advises people living in and around Höfn, Southeast Iceland, to drive their children to school today and to keep the children inside during breaks because of extreme sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution from the eruption in Holuhraun.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution from the Holuhraun eruption can be expected first in the north and northwest of Iceland and then later in the west and southwest of Iceland today, according to the Icelandic Met Office.
The area covered in new lava from the Holuhraun eruption now measures 63 square km (24 square miles), 2.3 square km larger than reported three days ago. Had the eruption occurred in Reykjavík, the lava would now cover the entire city plus all neighboring communities except Mosfellsbær.
In light of the ongoing threat of a sub-glacial eruption in Bárðarbunga, which would lead to massive flooding, the Icelandic Road Administration has decided to redesign a new planned bridge over the river Jökulsá á Fjöllum at Grímsstaðir.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution from the Holuhraun eruption peaked at 6,000 mµ/m3 in Höfn in Southeast Iceland at 4:30 this morning. Sulfur dioxide levels also reached extreme levels in the town yesterday morning.
Journalist and environmentalist Ómar Ragnarsson flew over Holuhraun last week and shot a new video of the eruption site, published on ruv.is. The video shows the expanse of the new lava field, which now covers 60.7 km2 (23.4 square miles).
Seismic activity in the Bárðarbunga system and volcanic activity at the eruption site in Holuhraun is comparable to recent days, the Icelandic Met Office reported this morning. A magnitude 5.3 earthquake hit on the northern rim of the caldera at 08:36 am.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution from the Holuhraun eruption peaked at 5,400 mµ/m3 in Höfn in Southeast Iceland last night. People in the area received an sms from the 112 National Emergency Number at around 7 am this morning alerting them of the pollution.
Three earthquakes of magnitude 4.5 or larger have hit the area around Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier in the last 24 hours. In the past days, earthquakes around magnitude 5.0 have occurred in the area at an interval of approximately 30 hours.
The lava which has flowed from the craters in Holuhraun now covers 60 square km (23 square miles). The eruption is ongoing, although the volcanic activity has decreased somewhat. Scientists are examining data more closely and re-estimating the situation.
Residents in Ísafjörður and elsewhere in the West Fjords received a text message from the Civil Protection Department at around 11 pm yesterday evening, warning them that high pollution levels because of the Holuhraun eruption were present in the area and advising them to stay inside.