The volcanic eruption in Holuhraun continues at a similar rate and the subsidence of the Bárðarbunga caldera continues. On Saturday residents in Reykjavík noticed a smell of sulfur and there was a haze over the mountains in the east.
One night in January 1973 it looked as if the 5,000 people living in the Westman Islands were doomed when the dormant volcanic giant woke up and an eruption started a few hundred meters from town. Our series on the great Icelandic volcanoes continues.
The dailymail.co.uk featured some images taken 15 meters (49 feet) from the Holuhraun eruption by cameraman Valdimar Leifsson yesterday. Images of the volcano’s glow in the sky seen from Jökulsárlón glacial lagoon, taken by geologist Örn Óskarsson, were also featured.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas is expected to pollute the air in North Iceland from Strandir to Eyjafjörður, the north-central highlands and East Iceland from Egilsstaðir to Höfn. While the eruption in Holuhraun continues, fewer and smaller earthquakes were recorded by Bárðarbunga.
The paradox of an eruption is that it can be beautiful and destructive at the same time. The most famous volcano in Iceland, historically speaking, is probably Hekla.
Volcanologist Ármann Höskuldsson estimates that 200-250 million cubic meters (7.1-8.8 billion cubic feet) of lava have been emitted by the Holuhraun eruption. For comparison, according to the National Registry, the combined space of all buildings in Iceland is 148 million cubic meters.
Farmers in East and Northeast Iceland, the regions that have suffered the most sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution from the Holuhraun eruption, are concerned about the wellbeing of their free-roaming sheep.
Seismic activity continued in the area around Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier yesterday evening and through the night. The largest earthquake was of magnitude 4.5. The subsidence in the Bárðarbunga caldera is now 25 meters (82 feet) and is slowing down.
The Icelandic Met Office has started publishing maps on their website with forecasts of the spread of the pollution caused by toxic sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas coming from the Holuhraun eruption, on a daily basis.
Icelandic tourism companies are being approached by prospective tourists from abroad, who are interested in viewing the eruption in Holuhraun up close. A meeting was held to discuss the possibility yesterday.
Considerably strong earthquakes hit Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier yesterday evening, of magnitude 4.8 at 8:20 pm and of magnitude 5.4 at 9:34 pm.
Volcanologist Ármann Höskuldsson told RÚV yesterday that if the eruption in Holuhraun would stop then another eruption would occur in the same area shortly afterwards.
Seismic activity is continuing in the eruption area at Bárðarbunga and Holuhraun with about 50 earthquakes occurring between midnight and 6:45 am this morning.
Photographer Bernard Meric has been at the eruption site and the areas where the lava is flowing into the river Jökulsá á Fjöllum over the last few days and took the following images.
The Department of Civil Protection has advised all people in the village of Kópasker, Northeast Iceland, and surrounding areas to stay indoors, close the windows and turn up the radiators due to high levels of sulfur dioxide pollution from the eruption.
The largest earthquakes at Bárðarbunga last night measured magnitude 3.6 at 12:11 am, magnitude 3.7 at 12:14 am and magnitude 3.8 at 2:27 am. There have been no major changes in seismic activity, according to the latest update on the website of the Icelandic Met Office.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution from the eruption in Holuhraun spread to Northeast Iceland yesterday.
The eruption seems to be concentrated at the middle crater on the fissure at Holuhraun, but the ice on Bárðarbunga crater is still lowering, indicating that some changes are occurring.
New land is forming in Holuhraun and its vicinity. The biggest craters are rising higher up from the ground and a new lagoon and a waterfall could form when the lagoon builds a dam in Jökulsá glacial river.
One resident in Reyðarfjörður, East Iceland, described the sulfur dioxide pollution level as like standing behind a truck and inhaling the fumes.