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Eruption

Lava flowing into Jökulsá á Fjöllum river

Eruption Changing Landscape

New land is forming in Holuhraun and its vicinity. The biggest craters are rising higher up from the ground and a new lagoon and a waterfall could form when the lagoon builds a dam in Jökulsá glacial river.

The Holuhraun eruption fissure and ash.

Eruption Update, Pollution Warning, Sheep Roundup

The Icelandic Met Office has issued a new warning due to high concentration of sulfur dioxide (SO2) from the Holuhraun eruption. Scientists flying over the Bárðarbunga area yesterday reported no new changes in the surface yet assume that the caldera is continuing to subside. Farmers are rounding...

The Holuhraun eruption plume visible from space.

Volcanic Plume Visible from Space

A satellite photo from NASA taken at noon yesterday shows the plume from the eruption in Holuhraun very clearly. The photo was published on the University of Iceland’s Institute of Earth Sciences’ Facebook page.

sulfur dioxide pollution from Holuhraun eruption in Fáskrúðsfjörður, East Iceland, September 10, 2014

Pollution Levels in East Iceland Drop

Sulfur dioxide (SO2) levels in Reyðarfjörður, East Iceland, were ten times lower, or 240 μg/m3, this morning than when they peaked at 2,550μg/m3 at 2 pm yesterday.

sulfur dioxide pollution from Holuhraun eruption in Fáskrúðsfjörður, East Iceland, September 10, 2014

Sulfur Pollution from Eruption Four Times Record

The sulfur dioxide (SO2) levels in Reyðarfjörður, East Iceland, yesterday were more than four times the record levels detected in the town on Saturday. As reported, the pollution, caused by the Holuhraun eruption, measured 2550μg/m3 at its peak yesterday.

Sunrise by glacial river Jökulsá á Fjöllum on September 3, 2014.

Eruption Lava Could Block River, Wipe out Waterfall

Scientists believe that the new lava from the Holuhraun eruption could block glacial river Jökulsá á Fjöllum, as it is now approaching an area where the river flows through old lava instead of sand and will no longer be able to retreat.

Holuhraun.

Bárðarbunga Eruption Major Worry

The probability of an eruption in Bárðarbunga is now thought to be increased due to a steady lowering of the surface above the volcano’s crater. This greatly worries scientists and Civil Protection Department representatives.

Holuhraun.

Scientists Worry about Air Quality

Gas emissions at the eruption site remain high. As the concentration of gas at the site can be life-threatening, people should wear gas masks and carry gas meters. Scientists have had to leave the area as levels of gas reached dangerous levels due to sudden changes in wind conditions.

Holuhraun. From a video by Freyr Arnarson.

Video Shows Lava Size and Perspective

Today’s video is taken by RÚV’s Freyr Arnarson who flew over the eruption on Saturday. It gives a good aerial view of the craters and the lava as it stood then. Since then the lava has flowed all the way into Jökulsá á Fjöllum glacial river, as earlier reported.

Jökulsá á Fjöllum

Lava Flows into Glacial River

The lava at Holuhraun is now flowing into Jökulsá á Fjöllum glacial river. So far this has had little effect, but the lava is now flowing faster than before, at a speed of 80 to 100 meters/hour (250 to 330 feet/hour), which is about twice the speed of the flow yesterday. This was observed by...

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