The largest earthquakes at Bárðarbunga last night measured magnitude 3.6 at 12:11 am, magnitude 3.7 at 12:14 am and magnitude 3.8 at 2:27 am. There have been no major changes in seismic activity, according to the latest update on the website of the Icelandic Met Office.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution from the eruption in Holuhraun spread to Northeast Iceland yesterday.
The eruption seems to be concentrated at the middle crater on the fissure at Holuhraun, but the ice on Bárðarbunga crater is still lowering, indicating that some changes are occurring.
New land is forming in Holuhraun and its vicinity. The biggest craters are rising higher up from the ground and a new lagoon and a waterfall could form when the lagoon builds a dam in Jökulsá glacial river.
One resident in Reyðarfjörður, East Iceland, described the sulfur dioxide pollution level as like standing behind a truck and inhaling the fumes.
The Icelandic Met Office has issued a new warning due to high concentration of sulfur dioxide (SO2) from the Holuhraun eruption. Scientists flying over the Bárðarbunga area yesterday reported no new changes in the surface yet assume that the caldera is continuing to subside. Farmers are rounding...
A satellite photo from NASA taken at noon yesterday shows the plume from the eruption in Holuhraun very clearly. The photo was published on the University of Iceland’s Institute of Earth Sciences’ Facebook page.
Approximately 30 earthquakes were picked up by sensors in and around Bárðarbunga volcano and the Holuhraun eruption since midnight. All of them were minor. The Icelandic Met Office has forecast air pollution for the East Fjords today.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) levels in Reyðarfjörður, East Iceland, were ten times lower, or 240 μg/m3, this morning than when they peaked at 2,550μg/m3 at 2 pm yesterday.
The sulfur dioxide (SO2) levels in Reyðarfjörður, East Iceland, yesterday were more than four times the record levels detected in the town on Saturday. As reported, the pollution, caused by the Holuhraun eruption, measured 2550μg/m3 at its peak yesterday.
The smell of sulfur dioxide from the Holuhraun eruption has been detected on the west coast of Norway, according to public broadcaster NRK.
Scientists believe that the new lava from the Holuhraun eruption could block glacial river Jökulsá á Fjöllum, as it is now approaching an area where the river flows through old lava instead of sand and will no longer be able to retreat.
Passengers on Air Iceland’s flights between Reykjavík and Egilsstaðir, East Iceland, were able to enjoy a view of the volcanic eruption in Holuhraun yesterday, as there was a clearing in the cloud cover above the eruption site.
The subsidence of the caldera in Bárðarbunga continues to cause uncertainty about the future development of the eruption. An event of this magnitude has not occurred since 1875 when Lake Öskjuvatn was formed in an eruption which caused major difficulties in Iceland and contributed to the mass...
High levels of sulfur dioxide emitted from the Holuhraun eruption were detected in Reyðarfjörður at 2 pm today.
If a large-scale subsidence of the Bárðarbunga caldera occurs, an eruption might start at the edge of the caldera. Such an eruption would melt large quantities of ice, leading to a major flood in a glacial river.
The probability of an eruption in Bárðarbunga is now thought to be increased due to a steady lowering of the surface above the volcano’s crater. This greatly worries scientists and Civil Protection Department representatives.
The ongoing volcanic eruption in Holuhraun has already become the largest lava eruption in Iceland since the 19th century. The lava would now cover Manhattan to 53rd Street and its volume would frame the entire Empire State Building.
Seismic activity is ongoing in Bárðarbunga volcano under Vatnajökull glacier, the northern part of the dike intrusion and Herðubreiðartögl. Around 30 earthquakes were measured last night, the largest of which was of magnitude 5.2.
Gas emissions at the eruption site remain high. As the concentration of gas at the site can be life-threatening, people should wear gas masks and carry gas meters. Scientists have had to leave the area as levels of gas reached dangerous levels due to sudden changes in wind conditions.
The lava from the eruption at Holuhraun is flowing at a rate of approximately 100 meters per hour. It now covers 18.6 square km (7 square miles), an area larger than Hafnarfjörður, a town outside Reykjavík.
A bluish haze caused by sulfur dioxide emitted in the Holuhraun eruption could widely be detected in East Iceland over the weekend.