Three earthquakes above magnitude 3.0 have been measured around Bárðarbunga volcano under Vatnajökull glacier since midnight, the strongest of which was of magnitude 5.2. Pollution from the Holuhraun eruption site will likely be carried across Egilsstaðir and the East Fjords today.
A tremendous eruption started on March 29, 1875 in Askja, in Northeast Iceland, north of Vatnajökull gacier and south of Heiðubreið mountain. The volcanic ash was heavy enough to poison the land and kill livestock, especially in the East Fjords of Iceland.
The lava from the Holuhraun eruption flows at the same rate as yesterday, mostly around the center of the lava field, which is now around 37 square km (14.3 square miles).
Professor of geophysics Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson said that as long as the Bárðarbunga caldera is not sinking faster and the eruption in Holuhraun remains stable, the probability of a sub-glacial eruption decreases. However, volcanologist Ármann Höskuldsson remains certain that the current...
Today, pollution from the eruption in Holuhraun is mostly expected to drift to the northeast of the eruption site, although it may temporarily move towards the east, according to the Icelandic Met Office’s forecast. On Saturday, the pollution reached Reykjavík.
Seismic activity has been persistent at Bárðarbunga volcano and around the eruption site in Holuhraun, but at comparably low levels during the last hours. A 5.5 magnitude earthquake hit the Bárðarbunga caldera at noon yesterday.
The Civil Protection Department in Iceland stresses that not respecting that the eruption site around Holuhraun is closed to the public may be life-threatening. Birds that died of poisoning have been found at the eruption site.
This space image shows the fissure in Holuhraun clearly and an interesting glow-in-the-dark effect of the lava through the clouds and plume.
The volcanic eruption in Holuhraun continues at a similar rate and the subsidence of the Bárðarbunga caldera continues. On Saturday residents in Reykjavík noticed a smell of sulfur and there was a haze over the mountains in the east.
The dailymail.co.uk featured some images taken 15 meters (49 feet) from the Holuhraun eruption by cameraman Valdimar Leifsson yesterday. Images of the volcano’s glow in the sky seen from Jökulsárlón glacial lagoon, taken by geologist Örn Óskarsson, were also featured.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas is expected to pollute the air in North Iceland from Strandir to Eyjafjörður, the north-central highlands and East Iceland from Egilsstaðir to Höfn. While the eruption in Holuhraun continues, fewer and smaller earthquakes were recorded by Bárðarbunga.
The paradox of an eruption is that it can be beautiful and destructive at the same time. The most famous volcano in Iceland, historically speaking, is probably Hekla.
Volcanologist Ármann Höskuldsson estimates that 200-250 million cubic meters (7.1-8.8 billion cubic feet) of lava have been emitted by the Holuhraun eruption. For comparison, according to the National Registry, the combined space of all buildings in Iceland is 148 million cubic meters.
Farmers in East and Northeast Iceland, the regions that have suffered the most sulfur dioxide (SO2) pollution from the Holuhraun eruption, are concerned about the wellbeing of their free-roaming sheep.
Seismic activity continued in the area around Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier yesterday evening and through the night. The largest earthquake was of magnitude 4.5. The subsidence in the Bárðarbunga caldera is now 25 meters (82 feet) and is slowing down.
The Icelandic Met Office has started publishing maps on their website with forecasts of the spread of the pollution caused by toxic sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas coming from the Holuhraun eruption, on a daily basis.
Icelandic tourism companies are being approached by prospective tourists from abroad, who are interested in viewing the eruption in Holuhraun up close. A meeting was held to discuss the possibility yesterday.
Considerably strong earthquakes hit Bárðarbunga volcano in Vatnajökull glacier yesterday evening, of magnitude 4.8 at 8:20 pm and of magnitude 5.4 at 9:34 pm.
Volcanologist Ármann Höskuldsson told RÚV yesterday that if the eruption in Holuhraun would stop then another eruption would occur in the same area shortly afterwards.
Seismic activity is continuing in the eruption area at Bárðarbunga and Holuhraun with about 50 earthquakes occurring between midnight and 6:45 am this morning.
Photographer Bernard Meric has been at the eruption site and the areas where the lava is flowing into the river Jökulsá á Fjöllum over the last few days and took the following images.